Piles otherwise known as hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and the lower part of the rectum. Common symptoms are itching and bleeding in the anal region.
So . . .
How do you get piles?
This is a question that has been deliberated on for a very long time with no conclusive answer being given. The cause of piles remains unknown but several theories that seem to hold water have been proposed. Increased pressure in the lower rectum is the major proposed cause of hemorrhoids.
The pressure may be increased by the following factors: pregnancy, constipation, anal sex, chronic diarrhea, strain in bowel movement, sitting on the toilet for long periods and obesity. Pregnancy as a cause can be explained in three ways. Firstly, the growing fetus exerts pressure on the rectum and anus.
Secondly, hormonal changes associated with pregnancy may cause enlargement of hemorrhoids and thirdly, delivery may increase pressure in the abdomen, consequently causing inflamed hemorrhoids. Piles caused by pregnancy shouldn’t be a cause for alarm (unless they are severe) since they resolve after delivery. Pelvic tumors could be cancerous and should be treated immediately on diagnosis.
Another theory suggests that piles may be caused by the shearing force of stool as it makes its way through the anal canal. This may drag the veins downwards causing inflammation. This particularly happens when the stool is hard. Another possible cause is aging. As one ages, the supporting tissues that hold down the veins to the anal muscles deteriorate. The tissue slides down with time, causing hemorrhoids. This is probably one of the ways that answers the question of how do you get hemorrhoids, just from the fact that it makes a lot of sense.
Piles or hemorrhoids have also been linked to unhealthy lifestyles such as lack of exercise and poor diets that includes little or no fiber. Harsh care of the anus is also a possible cause. When the anus is hurriedly cleaned, the veins get irritated and become inflamed. Using dry material to clean the anus increases the risk.
Hemorrhoids have also been linked to chronic heart and liver diseases which can cause pooling of blood in the abdominal and pelvic regions, resulting to swelling of the veins.
I hope I have answered the question of how do you get piles, so now that you know it is up to you to work on making sure that you prevent it.